Treatment for hyperpigmentation in Cleveland, OH
Hyperpigmentation is a common condition that can be difficult to treat. Many patients come to us after years of unsuccessful treatment, desperate to find a solution to their problem. This condition affects men and women of all different skin types and ethnicities. Most often seen in younger patients, hyperpigmentation is directly caused by one of the following issues: overactive melanocytes (cells that produce melanin) or an overabundance of melanocytes.
While hyperpigmentation poses no medical threats, the impact on appearance can be troublesome or even devastating for patients. This can put the patient at an increased risk of anxiety or depression.
Three main types of hyperpigmentation:
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) – Usually occurs because of acne, psoriasis, burns, or even reaction to other skin care procedures. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation often fades on its own after the skin regenerates and it is generally highly responsive to treatment.
- Age/Liver spots – While they do occur more with age, these spots are related to exposure to UV light.
- Melasma – Often called “the mask of pregnancy,” this type of hyperpigmentation is caused by fluctuations in hormones like those during pregnancy, menopause, and thyroid issues.
To diagnose hyperpigmentation, the doctor will perform a detailed evaluation of the skin. In addition to assessing the severity of the condition, we also try to determine the underlying cause of hyperpigmentation. Often other issues must first be treated before treating the skin.
Treatment for hyperpigmentation generally involves topical creams, skin procedures such as laser treatments, microdermabrasion or chemical peels, or a combination of the two.
Some of the most common topical agents include:
- Hydroquinone – This is one of the most common and best ways to lighten the skin.
- Azelaic Acid – Originally an acne treatment, it can help with hyperpigmentation, especially PIH.
- Kojic Acid – When used in combination with hydroquinone and glycolic acid it can produce great results.
As with many conditions, proper prevention can be crucial. Many cases of hyperpigmentation occur due to sun exposure, so wearing sunscreen and limiting time outside when the sun is strongest can help decrease the risk of hyperpigmentation. After treatment, it is important to maintain proper care of the skin. To learn more about our treatment options for hyperpigmentation, call Seriously Skin in Cleveland, OH today.